Autism Spectrum Disorder
A variable developmental disorder that appears by age three and is characterized by impairment of the ability to form normal social relationships, by impairment of the ability to communicate with others, and by stereotyped behavior patterns.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s Autism Information Center offers recent fact sheets, answers to frequently asked questions, overviews of the diagnosis, possible causes, and treatments, and much more.
The Autism Society of America provides extensive helpful and supportive information about the diagnosis of autism and educating children with the disorder; descriptions of additional information available in print or by fax-on-demand; a glossary of terms and abbreviations; and referrals to local ASA chapters.
The “Be Informed” section of the Autism Speaks Web site gives background on autism spectrum disorders, including information on coping with autism, interviews with experts, and resource guides.
Funded by the National Alliance for Autism Research, Exploring Autism was created to be a genetics education tool for family members of autism patients. The site provides an overview of genetics, the history of autism, and autism and environmental factors, as well as FAQs, related links, personal accounts, and news.
First Signs offers information on child development with particular emphasis on early screening and detection of developmental and behavioral disorders, including those on the autism spectrum.
One of OAR's goals is to demystify scientific research, especially as it relates to autism. "A Parent's Guide to Research" (available as a PDF) defines autism and explains the steps of scientific research in lay language, and "A Guide to the Applied Research Community" discusses government and private institutions involved in autism research. The site also posts back issues of OAR's newsletter and announcements of autism-related events for families and scientists.
Immune protein IL-17A may directly
influence fetal brain development.
our understanding of the microbiome grows, we see a new opportunity for new
questions and new understanding of brain disorders ranging from autism and
depression,” says one researcher at the recent Society for Neuroscience annual
meeting. Others agree.
perceptual conditions occur at higher rates in people with autism. Teasing out
why could help explain how all our brains process such information.
In Temple Grandin's review of The Reason I Jump by Naoki Higashida, she relates her own experience living with and studying autism to better understand the mind of a remarkable 13-year-old Japanese boy with severe autism. Structured as a series of questions that a nonautistic person might ask an autistic one, Naoki's book is translated by David Mitchell (author of the novel Cloud Atlas) and his wife, Keiko Yoshida, and contains an impassioned introduction in which Mitchell discusses his experience with his own autistic child.
A single day of drug treatment before birth reportedly prevents an autism-like condition in two different rodent models
Not number of vaccines, not total amount of antigens, not number given in a single day.