Traumatic Brain Injury

Brain dysfunction caused by an outside force, usually caused by external physical force that may produce a diminished or altered state of consciousness, which results in an impairment of cognitive abilities or physical functioning.

Brain Injury Association

The Brain Injury Association is dedicated to brain injury prevention, research, and education. Its site contains helpful information about prevention, rehabilitation and treatment, and living with a brain injury. The site offers publications, FAQs, a national directory of rehabilitation services, and links for further information. is sponsored by WETA, Washington, DC’s public TV and radio station. Articles, videos, and sound clips present information on TBI to patients, family and friends, and professionals.

CDC -- Traumatic Brain Injury

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offer reports and articles proving information on different types of brain injury and related statistics.

MEDLINEplus: Head and Brain Injuriesl

This easy to use service of the National Library of Medicine provides links to articles, research reports, and organizations covering various aspects of head and brain injuries. Some information is available in Spanish.

National Center for Injury Prevention & Control

The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control offers an online brochure entitled Facts About Concussion and Brain Injury. Written in clear lay language, this publication provides information about the signs of brain injury, symptoms, tips for healing, and where to go for help.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Traumatic Brain Injury Information Page

The NINDS offers information about how a brain injury can occur, symptoms, treatment methods, prognosis and current research. Publications and links to related organizations are also provided for further information.

The Boston University CTE Center

Its mission is to conduct state-of-the-art research on CTE, including its neuropathology and pathogenesis, clinical presentation, genetics and other risk factors, biomarkers, methods of detection during life, and methods of prevention and treatment.

Dana Articles

Microglia: The Brain’s First Responders

By: Staci Bilbo, Ph.D.,  and Beth Stevens, Ph.D.

Listen to Q&A with Stevens & Bilbo)

Microglia help guide brain development and serve as immune system helpers. These cells may hold the key to understanding not just normal brain development, but also what causes a number of intractable brain disorders.

How Military Service Changes the Brain

At the recent SfN meeting, researchers described new details of the effects of repeated blast injuries and exposure to toxins.

Hit Parade: The Future of the Sports Concussion Crisis

By: Chris Nowinski

A postmortem brain study provides new and troubling evidence about chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a long-term degenerative and incurable brain disease caused by repeated hits to the head. An author of the study, Chris Nowinski, a former college football player and professional wrestler, writes about how a concussion put him on the path of dedicating his life to making others aware of the dangers of CTE and toward developing a treatment.

Disorders of Consciousness: Brain Death, Coma, and the Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States

Disorders of Consciousness: Brain Death, Coma, and the Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States 2015-02-04     Thomas I. Cochrane, M.D., MBA Neurology, Brigham & Women’s Hospital     Michael A. Williams, M.D., FAAN The S

Brain Injuries May Leave Lasting Marks on Children’s Brains

Contrary to some thinking, kids aren''t so resilient when it comes to concussions and other traumatic brain injuries. New research suggests that even when their behavior goes back to normal, the injury may "scar" the brain, much as a burn could scar the skin

Waking Up from Coma: New Treatments, New Hope

The movie Men in Black ends with a sequence where Tommy Lee Jones’ character is reported in the popular press to have awakened miraculously after 20 years in a coma.  Although clinicians traditionally have scoffed at such reports, such cases do make the news now and again, and raise the question of whether and how that can happen. Recent advances provide some answers, and suggest some treatments that might promote such an outcome.