Parkinson's Disease


A progressive disease of the nervous system marked by tremor, muscular rigidity, and slow, imprecise movement, chiefly affecting middle-aged and elderly people. It is associated with degeneration of the basal ganglia of the brain and a deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine.

Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research

On the “Living with Parkinson’s” pages of the Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research Web site, information about the disease is offered for patients and caregivers, and links to additional resources are provided.

National Parkinson Foundation

The National Parkinson Foundation site provides news and information about events, conferences, and symposia, and a range of electronic and print information (some in Spanish) helpful to Parkinson's patients and care givers.

Parkinson's Disease Foundation

The Parkinson's Disease Foundation's Web site includes an overview of the disease's symptoms and treatments and strategies for living with Parkinson’s Disease. An "ask the expert" feature is available for specific questions.

Parkinson's Disease - Hope Through Research

Parkinson's Disease: Hope Through Research is a comprehensive booklet, available on-line from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (a member of the U.S. government National Institutes of Health), covering topics from the symptoms of Parkinson's to treatment, diet, exercise, promising research, and resources for further information.


Dana Articles

Gut Feelings on Parkinson’s and Depression

(Listen to Q&A with Ted Dinan, M.D., Ph.D.)
Microbiota, which is the collective bacteria, viruses, fungi and other microorganisms that live in the digestive tract, may influence our health in ways that scientists are just now beginning to understand. Sometimes referred to as the “second genome” or the “second brain,” scientists now believe that the microbiota may be a way to treat any number of disorders, including Parkinson’s disease and depression.


Parsing the Puzzle of Parkinson’s Genetics

Two decades of cumulative genetic discoveries have shed light on the heritability of Parkinson’s disease and uncovered novel pathways that could provide an explanation for the progressive neuronal degeneration associated with the disease.


Study of Alpha Synuclein ‘Strains’ Deepens Understanding of Parkinson’s and Related Diseases

Findings also hint that “synucleinopathies” may in rare cases be contagious. 


Stimulating the Brain: Electroceuticals

Stimulating the brain with electricity has been used for many years to treat various brain disorders and researchers continue to hone its capabilities.


Stem Cell Transplants Show Promise for Future Parkinson’s Treatments

Stem Cell Transplants Show Promise for Future Parkinson’s Treatments 2014-07-24 Parkinson's disease is a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder that targets dopaminergic cells in an area of the brain called the substantia nigra. Most patients are treated with the drug Levodop


Gene-environment Interactions in Parkinson’s Disease

Gene-environment Interactions in Parkinson’s Disease 2014-04-02 Paul Barrett, Ph.D. Department of Neurology and Pittsburgh Institute for Neurodegenerative Diseases University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine J. Timothy Greenamyre