Milos Pekny, M.D., Ph.D., received his M.D. from Charles University in Prague in 1989 and his Ph.D. from Uppsala University in Sweden in 1994. He is a professor in the Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation and the director of the Laboratory of Astrocyte Biology and CNS Regeneration at the Center for Brain Repair and Rehabilitation (CBR), Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Pekny’s laboratory pursues basic, translational, and clinical research in the field of CNS repair and regeneration. He and his colleagues focus on the modulation of astrocyte function as a basis for the development of new treatment strategies for stroke, neurotrauma, and neurodegenerative diseases. Dr. Pekny coordinates the program Novel strategies for brain regeneration after stroke—from lab to patient to population, co-financed by the AFA insurance company. He is also a steering committee member and leader of the Gothenburg University node in the EU-funded Marie Curie Training Network EduGlia: Innovative techniques and models to study glia-neuron interactions in health and disease, which connects European laboratories of excellence in the field, and he is a partner in the EU-funded collaborating network focusing on stroke TargetBraIn: Targeting brain inflammation for improved functional recovery in acute neurodegenerative disorders.