The Role of Stress in Brain DevelopmentThe Gestational Environment’s Long-Term Effects on the Brain
During gestation, the fetal brain develops dramatically as structures and connections form, providing the foundation for all future development. Exposure to maternal stress can sometimes have deleterious effects on the fetus, depending on the cause, timing, duration, and intensity of stress. Fortunately, postnatal interventions, such as a secure parent-infant bond and an enriched environment, can buffer the potential negative consequences.
No Child Left Without a Brain Scan?Toward a Pediatric Neuroethics
Will my baby be born with a normal, healthy brain? Are neurological problems getting in the way of my child’s learning? Does my teenager have any special vulnerability to emotional disorders? Many parents are plagued by worries like these, questions that possibly could be clarified by brain scans. But when is scanning needed? Who should have access to the results? What safeguards are advisable?